What to See
The Certosa of San Lorenzo Padula (Sa)
The monastery was founded by Tommaso Sanseverino in 1306 on the site of an existing monastery and is dedicated to San Lorenzo. Its structure recalls the image of the grill on which the saint was burnt alive. Its history covers a period of about 450 years. The main part of the Charterhouse is in Baroque style and occupies an area of 51,500 m² on which are built over 320 rooms. The monastery has the biggest cloister in the world (12,000 m²) and is surrounded by 84 columns. A large spiral staircase, white marble, leads to the large library. According to the Carthusian rule preaching work and contemplation, in the Certosa there are different places for their implementation: the peaceful cloisters, the library with the floor covered with ceramic tiles from Vietri sul Mare, the chapel decorated with precious marbles, the great kitchen, where legend has it, was prepared an omelette of 1,000 eggs for Charles V, the large cellars with huge barrels, laundries and neighboring fields where they were grown fruits of the earth for the sustenance of the monks as well as the marketing and the outside. The monks produced wine, olive oil, fruit and vegetables. Today, the Carthusian monastery houses the archaeological museum province of Lucania, with a collection of finds from the excavations of the necropolis of Sala Consilina and Padula. This museum covers a period from prehistory to the Hellenistic period.
The Valley of Wild Orchids Sassano (Sa)
The Valley of the Orchids is located in the heart of the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano, in the town of Sassano. In the “open structure” of 47 square kilometers of the valley and along a path of 13 km, you can see various species of wild orchids. The visitor can admire 184 entities in particular wild orchids (68 species, 57 subspecies, 35 varieties, 24 hybrids). An immense natural heritage, therefore, especially if you think that the protected area of the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano there are 254 species of wild orchids and 319 if you report across Europe and the Mediterranean Basin.
The Caves of Pertosa (Sa)
The Caves of Perth (whose official name is Angel Caves of Perth) – is a complex of karst cavities of tourist importance, situated in the town of Perth (SA). The karst, whose entrance is located in the town of Perth, is developed in the subsurface of common neighbors Auletta and Polla, 263 m above sea level, along the left bank of the river Tanagro. Very large so that it is difficult to fully mapping, the sequence of cavities dig caves in the northern part of the chain of mountains Alburni and it is assumed that their genesis and evolution has occurred due to tectonic phenomena and oscillation of the base layer of the aquifer water limestone to grow an inch it takes 100 years.
To enhance the beauty of the speleological province of Salerno, in recent years, during the summer, takes place in the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano, a unique event entitled “Dante’s Inferno in the Caves of Perth.” Organized by the Provincial Tourism of Salerno, in collaboration with the “Flying Carpet” and the administrations of municipalities in the district Tanagro – Vallo di Diano, the event consists of real paths – shows in the beautiful scenery of the caves of Perth.
In a natural environment, made even more fascinating artistic lighting, as well as special effects and impressive three-dimensional reconstructions, the audience, divided into groups of up to 30 units, along a suitably adapted to the needs spectacular, is invited to interact with the actors, becoming himself the protagonist of the work of the poet. In this way the audience – visitors Caves Perth, descending into a kind of virtual reality, in a spectacular journey back in time, they can both appreciate the Caves, designed as outstanding examples of nature, among the most important in Italy, but above all an unforgettable experience in a place that, for compliance and visual impact, more than any other is the natural setting to meet the characters of the Divine Comedy, Dante, Virgil, Charon, Paolo and Francesca, Count Ugolino, Pier delle Vigne , Ulysses, Minos and many others.
The early Christian Baptistery of San Giovanni in Fonte in Sala Consilina (Sa)
The early Christian Baptistery of San Giovanni in Fonte, in Sala Consilina, in the province of Salerno is an extraordinary monument, rare and precious jewel of late antique bell. Built in 308 AD, at the time of the Emperor Constantine, the Baptistery is characterized by being the only one in the world that captures the baptismal water directly from the source. The old structure was subjected to a long series of renovations as part of a redevelopment of the entire archaeological area of San Giovanni in Fonte, in which it was made, inter alia, a hiking trail suitable for disabled. It is located on the site where once stood Marcellanium, Cosilinum suburbs of the ancient city of Roman Lucania. At the time of construction of the monument, to Marcellanium was held on the day dedicated to St. Cyprian, September 16, an important annual fair, frequented by merchants from Bruttium, today Calabria, and Lucania dall’Apulia. The Baptistery was built over a perennial spring considered sacred in which baptism was administered by immersion.
At Ponte Mesole in the town of Sala Consilina along the river Tanagro, the house will be built of “white storks.” The project area of the Consortium for the reclamation of the Vallo di Diano, chosen in consultation with the local authority governed by the mayor Ferrari is very wide, from the river to the canal Tanagro Campigliole and provides jobs for a total of about 750 000 euro , funded PSR and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development. The wetland will be built a few hundred meters from the nest, the lattice Enel, in the locality of the Terms, where since early 1996, every year white storks, they stop to nest during their migratory journey. Since a few days, have begun surveying, with its fence of the area, from the company that will carry out the work of the project. This implementation will also allow the area near the bridge will be removed unjustified abandonment and indiscriminate waste of all kinds. The company Caserta which was awarded the contract will have to make a whole series of measures that provide for the rehabilitation and environmental restoration of ecosystems that are unfortunately subjected al’aggressione both by pollution and by the action wicked man. The project, strongly backed by the consortium, over the wet area “Storks” will include the construction of specific structures and artifacts to permit the monitoring and observation of these beautiful birds. The observation huts will be used primarily during the period of nesting birds, to prevent them from being disturbed in the most important moment of their existence. Finally will be achieved, including some of the lakes for restocking of game and a parking lot, to keep at a safe distance machines.
The Castle is a typical Teggiano Angevin castle, characterized by its robustness and majesty of the architecture. Unfortunately, in the centuries after its construction, the manor lived years of degradation and struggles, which damaged substantially. Early in 1970 one of the owners of the manor, the publisher Gaetano Macchiaroli, given the deterioration that was investing throughout the building threatening to collapse, and well aware of the historical, architectural and environmental complex, mobilized all its energy to implement the recovery, with the assistance of the State. The complex and costly intervention has taken many years, but today is an accomplished fact starting a new life to this monument is prominent part of the medieval image of Teggiano. The exhibition of Giacomo Leopardi – life places and works – hosted in 1996, is a clear example of the use of a historical monument as a multipurpose facility available for the cultural institutions of the South and Vallo di Diano.